Which armed conflicts are in the world today? Which peace processes are in the world today?

Today there are 33 armed conflicts and 38 processes of Peace in the World (Source: Alert 2018). These data make us think that necessarily, a large part of humanity is dedicated exclusively to preparing wars.

Wars and armed conflicts are not fair, they can be avoided if you want and put the necessary means.

The media do not echo the peace processes. War is always news while peace processes are nearly invisible to the vast majority of the world’s population.

That is why Kite for Peace is a festival to celebrate peace with the families. Where flying a kite means a cry to heaven for peace in the world. For more than 30 years, the Sunday in the 2nd week of October, the ‘International Day Comets for Peace‘ (One Sky, One World) is being celebrated. This event is also supported by the United Nations and UNESCO, that uses the kite as a multicultural symbol to promote the understanding among different peoples, social justice and dialogue for coexistence. Since 2014 the NGO Comparte organizes this event on the beach of Castelldefels.

Castelldefels is known for the quality of its beaches, services of gastronomy, hospitality and for the numerous sports activities that take place in the city. Kite for Peace reference to Castelldefels as the promoter city of La Paz.

Characteristics of armed conflicts

Armed conflicts have undergone great changes in terms of their form, their leading actors and their causes since the 2nd World War. If before the armed conflicts were mainly between States for issues of borders and territories, now the causes are more for the competition for natural resources and power within the same states.

This phenomenon, armed conflicts, derived from the wealth of natural resources, has been baptized as “The curse of wealth.” Now not only are armies fighting among themselves, but there are new actors involved, like guerrillas, mercenaries, security agencies or in the worst case, minor soldiers.

The actors of war multiply faster than the laws to regulate them. They change the actors and also the strategies that make the Humanitarian Law, that regulates the war, sometimes does not adapt sufficiently to the new realities.

Refugee population and displaced population

This change of strategy in the armed conflicts that turn civilians into targets to attack explains, in part, the increase of displaced people in the world fleeing from wars.

It is estimated that there are currently 25 million refugees in the world, who have moved outside their country. (Source: Global Appeal 2018 – 2019)

It must be in mind that conflicts also impact differently between men and women. But thankfully by the report, we can conclude that there is a higher mortality for man, but a higher sexual abuse towards women that are often invisible.

Peace processes

As for the peace processes, they have also changed over time. We can say that, beyond the armed groups, more and more other diplomatic actors intervene to try to find diplomatic solutions. The aim is to involve different profiles representing the affected civil society.